Whether it is a natural disaster or a man-made disaster, the medical emergency stretcher will serve as one of the indispensable rescue tools. There are many types of medical emergency stretchers. Different types of stretchers have different names. According to their structure, function, and material characteristics, they can be divided into three types: easy stretchers, general stretchers, and special purpose stretchers.
Easy stretcher is a very common emergency stretcher. In the case of lack of emergency stretcher or insufficient stretcher, it is a stretcher made temporarily from local materials. Generally, a temporary stretcher made of strong fabrics such as two strong long poles with blankets, clothing, etc., is used to cope with the transportation of the wounded in an emergency.
General-purpose stretchers mainly refer to medical emergency stretchers with uniform specifications, which are generally guaranteed to be interchangeable among services and arms, and between different service departments. The appearance is not emphasized, and the focus is on practicality.
The special stretcher is the latest stretcher invented by people over time. It is mainly designed and used for the special climate, terrain, and the characteristics of the wounded and sick, etc., which are not suitable for transfer using the general stretcher.
The following is the introduction and use of several types of special medical emergency stretchers.
1. Shovel stretcher
The shovel-type medical emergency load can minimize the secondary injury to the patient's spine during the transportation process. It is mainly suitable for use by seriously injured people. If it is used by seriously injured people, it can reduce the probability of accidents.
2. Fixed emergency medical burden for the wounded
The fixation medical emergency load for the wounded is mainly used for the wounded with fractures. For example, the spine plate can be used for the fixation and transportation of the wounded of the spine, it can be used for spine and head injuries, and the splint can also be used for the transportation of the wounded with fractures in other parts.
3. Hanging basket type medical emergency load
The structure of the hanging basket medical emergency load focuses on the versatility, flexibility and particularity of first aid, such as air or sea rescue. The frame is sturdy and durable, and the simple and reliable device allows the operator to take first aid measures safely and quickly. The hook can be connected with the hook on the plane to realize rescue in the field.
4. Medical emergency ambulance
Medical emergency stretchers are also called ambulance stretchers, which are suitable for transporting the wounded and sick in ambulances, hospitals, battlefields, and gymnasiums, and can also be used for general operations. Medical emergency ambulances are mostly made of high-quality aluminum alloy, with light and flexible structure, and foam cushions to make the wounded and sick lie comfortably. The stretcher trolley adopts a low frame structure, which can move on the ground and can be lifted to walk.
The above four kinds of medical emergency loaders need to pay attention to the following four points when transporting the wounded and sick:
1. Different positions are required for the wounded and sick with different injuries (illnesses);
2. The wounded and sick must buckle their seat belts after carrying the medical emergency stretcher to prevent them from falling over;
3. The wounded should keep their head high when going up and down the stairs and try to keep level;
4. The medical emergency stretcher should be fixed after being loaded into the car, and the wounded should keep their heads forward and backwards.
Easy stretchers, general stretchers, and special purpose stretchers are different medical emergency stretchers. In actual use, different types of stretchers should be selected according to different situations.